Even if lumberjacks in due time and tried to automate manufacture, the prototype of a chainsaw was originally developed for the medical purposes. In the middle of the XIX century, the prosthetist Bernard Hine created a device consisting of a fixed tire, along which a metal chain "walked", on the links of which the cutting teeth were fixed. The chain was driven by an asterisk, which rotated with a handle attached to it.
For industrial use, this idea was modernized by the efforts of the designers of Stihl and Husqvarna. If you need a tool from the pioneers of the industry, it will be necessary to choose the brand of chainsaw between these names, and this solution will often be quite complex - both manufacturers are very scrupulously approaching the issue of the quality of their products. If it is necessary to choose a workhorse "regardless of the person", then the market presents a fairly wide range of products of European, American, Asian and domestic manufacturers.
The best European and American brand chainsaws
European designers are without doubt the founders of the whole industry. And for a small, by historical standards, the term - from 1926 to 1958 were developed and introduced into production all the main elements of modern chainsaw. Initially these were at least autonomous and seriously facilitating the work of loggers, but weighing about 50 kg of the device.
The revolution occurred in 1954, when it became possible to use a two-stroke engine in the chainsaw - the entire device weighed 11 kg and they could not only bring down trees, but also clean them from twigs. The final touch was the introduction of the membrane carburetor (in 1958), thanks to which it became possible to hold the saw at work even upside down and make not only professional but also household tools.
One of the recognized leaders of the industry, has done a lot to develop the main components of modern chainsaws. The developers of this German company were the first to create a saw first on an electric and then a gasoline engine, which made this tool truly autonomous and versatile.
The company's development has been going on for almost a century, and all this time it has been working in one, initially set direction, which determines the consistently high quality of the equipment produced. This is confirmed by numerous reviews of customers who, on the basis of their own experience of use, recommend professional and household chainsaws Stihl as a reliable, high-quality and unpretentious tool.
In addition to household, floor and professional chainsaws, under the brand "Calm" you can buy specialized saws for rescue teams, which are characterized by reduced weight.
If Stihl is the ancestor of the gasoline saw industry, Swedish Husqvarna has been producing tools for garden work for more than 300 years and when chainsaws appeared, they actively joined in the process of their modernization. Vibration damping, automatic chain brake with reverse impact, electronic ignition and chain lubrication during operation are all developments of Husqvarna engineers who have become the standard for other manufacturers.
The company produces tools for professional and domestic use, and user reviews note only one subjective "shortcoming" - quite high for the domestic buyer price devices. In the rest, with proper use, it is one of the best chainsaw on the market.
If the chainsaw is released under the trademarks Efco and Oleo-Mac, then its manufacturer is the Italian company Emak. This manufacturer does not participate in the marketing wars in the domestic market, therefore, it did not acquire special popularity among buyers of the CIS countries. Such a conclusion can be made on the grounds that it has never reached even the top ten manufacturers whose tools are most readily acquired in the post-Soviet market in general and in Russia in particular.
If the company does not seek to dominate positions - this does not mean that it will give up existing ones. Budget and semi-professional models of the brand, on which Emak specializes, consistently find their customers and receive from them mostly positive feedback and recommendations.
Originally a German brand, in 1991 it became part of the Japanese concern for the production of Makita power tools. This allowed the instrumental giant to enter the market of chainsaws, promoting on it products already produced under two trademarks - the acquired Dolmar and Makita, which is predominantly found on the domestic market.
Some changes have undergone the process of production itself. If the floor and professional tools of medium and high price categories continue to be produced at the "native" German factory, household models began to be made in China. In general, the assembly site should not affect the quality, but the facts show that Makita household chainsaws (and Dolmar, respectively) receive less positive feedback from buyers than professional models.
Another German manufacturer of chain saws, electrical equipment and other garden equipment. A large number of sales the company provides itself at the expense of a relatively low cost of its products, so there are no professional chainsaws produced under this brand in the market.
The Huter equipment is being promoted under the slogan "German quality", but since these are still economy-segment products, their packaging is marked "made in China". Here, by tradition, the production facilities of European grandees are located, which produce budgetary product lines.
The best Asian brands of chainsaws
Technology from Chinese and Korean manufacturers finds its buyer thanks to a low price or a certain design experience, which makes it easier and more reliable. In general, Chinese and Korean chainsaws can be characterized as maximally functional at the lowest possible price, so if you decide which brand of chainsaw to choose for a dacha, they will be a good solution. Some budget models can even be equipped with the New Pure Fire system, thanks to which gasoline is saved and the amount of exhausts to the atmosphere is almost halved.
Often on the packaging of these chainsaws, the manufacturer indicates the Swedish concern Husqvarna, which the Partner has been part of for many years already. The history of the company began in the fifties of the twentieth century as a manufacturer of a specialized tool for loggers, but in the eighties expanded the line of models, adding to them household appliances for use in housekeeping.
The new direction turned out to be successful and now the company is completely focused on it, producing budget models of good quality at fairly low prices, as production facilities are located in China. For its value, Partner brand chainsaws have sufficient functionality and reliability, which is noted in the reviews of its owners.
The company Kioritsa owns three brands at once - besides repeating the name of the parent company Kioritz, for the attention of buyers are fighting such emerging from its walls names like Shindaiwa and Echo. At the same time, chainsaws were not originally the main products of the corporation - they are produced only under the brands Shindaiwa and Echo, and the domestic buyer can buy only the last one at all. It is not known exactly why the decision was taken in the company's management, it is possible to promote a more "European" name, but after 2016 Shindaiwa chainsaws are not supplied to the domestic market.
In the segment of professional equipment, the company's products are practically not represented, but consumers and semi-professional chainsaws were praised by customers for their ease, quality of components and assembly.
In contrast to venerable competitors, this Chinese trademark has emerged relatively recently - the company has been operating only since the early 2000s. Not trying to compete in quality, she immediately bet on her trump card - the ability to deliver to the market inexpensive and functional budget models of chainsaws.
The company does not develop new technologies, focusing on the production of existing ones - chainsaws it produces hardly from a dozen models. They are quite willingly purchased for home use, since they cope with their task, and at a cost of a third (sometimes even 2-3 times) below the household models of the same Shtil or Heuskvarna.
As with most budget products, reviews on Champion saws are completely opposite - some owners give the tool a head start to competitors' analogs, while others can almost immediately fail.
Thanks to many years of experience in the production of cars, the strong place of any chainsaw of this brand is the engine - the power and reliability of which is confirmed by customer feedback. Another advantage of the products of this brand is the prices - though not the lowest in the market, but allowing for a reasonable price to buy a quite solid tool with a good margin of safety.
Disadvantages of Hyundai chainsaws are quite subjective - they will seem insignificant to someone, and for another they will have a reason to look at the products of another brand. First of all, this is a small choice of products - the company has established production of several successful models and is expanding their line quite slowly. Also, buyers note the low quality of plastic that covers the saw body - it does not crumble into pieces, but leaves much to be desired. The third thing to consider - all Hyundai chainsaws weigh more than 4.5 kg - if the mass of the device is important, this is an important factor in choosing.
The label "Made in China" misleads some consumers that the Patriot chain saw is a "pure Chinese", but in reality the company was originally created in the USA. Since its inception, from a small workshop, the company for forty years has grown into an enterprise supplying agricultural equipment to several dozen countries and constantly expanding the sales market.
Since sales are aimed primarily at the economy segment, then in due time production facilities from America were transferred to China. Together with effective marketing, it allowed to establish almost the lowest prices in the market. As for the quality of the products, it is somewhat in line with the cost, but for the sake of justice it is noted that the overall price-quality ratio is in favor of the Patriot technique.
Best Russian brands of chainsaws
Worthy models of chainsaws are also offered by domestic producers, who initially focused on the realities of using tools in "our" conditions. They can lose some foreign analogues in size and weight, but their cost, the requirements for the quality of fuel and oil will be an order of magnitude lower, with comparatively equal engine power. Choosing which firm to buy a chainsaw, among domestic brands, the choice is mostly limited to the products of the companies Interskol and Caliber.
The manufacturer of electric and gasoline powered tools, which has been operating in the market since the late 1990s. Offers customers the most reliable devices, which aims to establish affordable prices for any budget.
We need to pay tribute to the company's management, which is able to identify weak points of production and find effective solutions for their elimination. For example, if the engine itself is made at an acceptable level, then carburettors for it are manufactured in Japan, at the Walbro plant - one of the leaders in this industry. As a result, as a whole, Introskol chain saws are easy to start, relatively quiet, balanced in weight, have a low level of vibration and do not require special oils to work.
The minimum price and nothing superfluous - on this principle are made chainsaws of the trade mark "Caliber". The manufacturing enterprise is located in the Moscow region, and sells its products throughout the CIS and beyond, taking its place in the niche of budget-class equipment.
Despite the proclaimed asceticism, each Chain saw Caliber has the whole complex of knots, which makes it easier to work with the tool and make it safe: quick start and vibration dampening systems, chain brake during back impact and automatic lubrication of the mechanism during operation. Also, users note a good weighting of devices and their general ergonomics.
The above brands are by no means the only ones that are on the market - here are collected those of them that are the leaders of sales and collecting a large number of reviews from customers. This allows you to make relatively certain conclusions about the quality of the products they offer, and the final choice always depends on the decision of the buyer.