Some types of wallpapers can boast of their ability to resist moisture. Others differ in that they have increased heat and noise insulation, and the main difference between the third wallpaper is their appearance and texture. In order to better understand and consider the types of wallpaper that exist today, they need to be divided into groups, depending on the materials that were used during their production.
- 1 Classification of wallpaper
- 2 What are the different types of wallpaper?
- 3 Video: Types of wallpaper - disadvantages and advantages of each kind
Classification of wallpaper
By water resistance:
- The wallpaper is ordinary. Avoid getting moisture on them. They can only be wiped with a dry cloth.
- Wallpaper, water-resistant. They have a special coating, so they can be wiped with a slightly damp cloth. But using detergents is strictly prohibited.
- Washing the wallpaper. Usually clean with the addition of detergents.
- High-resistant - vinyl wallpaper. Names speak for themselves, withstand all of the above methods of cleaning and even more.
- There are types of wallpaper for the walls.
- And types of wallpaper for ceilings.
Classification of wallpaper on their surface:
- Wallpapers come with a smooth surface.
- Wallpaper with a relief pattern. This pattern is applied during production.
- Wallpaper drawing, which is finely embossed.
- And also multi-layer wallpaper with a deep pattern.
The next category according to which the wallpaper is classified is their density:
There are two categories, the classification of wallpaper by their density is light and heavy.
Heavy wallpaper, are considered those whose density is not less than 110 g / m. When they are sizing, it can be difficult if there are irregularities on the wall. But their main advantage is their positive impact on the microclimate of the premises.
And the last category, according to which the wallpaper is classified this figure:
- There are smooth wallpapers that are presented in one color.
- Patterned wallpaper, they do not have a repeating pattern, which does not require matching the adjacent strips to the gluing.
What are the different types of wallpaper?
The cheapest wallpapers, and for many years now are the most popular type of wallpaper for pasting walls and ceilings. And all thanks to the fact that they are made of environmentally friendly materials that allow the walls to breathe. But they have a lot of drawbacks. For example, they quickly lose their appearance, they can not be glued in rooms where there is increased humidity. The pluses can also be attributed to the fact that they allow to some extent to increase the thermal insulation of the walls. Paper wallpaper can satisfy the tastes of probably all buyers, since they are represented almost in the entire color gamma and yet they have different textures.
Washable wallpaper or vinyl
During their manufacture, the paper is covered with a layer of PVC of various densities. This is an ideal option for both residential and non-residential premises. They are good for kitchen, bathroom, or toilet. Foamed vinyl wallpaper can be cleaned with a mild soap solution. But the most durable are considered compact vinyl, they not only are not afraid of detergents, but even during cleaning they can be used even with a brush.
There is another kind of vinyl wallpaper, which are called silk-screen. Their upper layer contains silk threads. These decorative wallpaper can boast very bright colors and have a high resistance to burnout. There are other advantages, such as elasticity and waterproof top layer, which allows them to be used in pasting absolutely all rooms.
Their main difference from other types of wallpaper is that for their basis, instead of paper, nonwoven fabric is used. The composition of flezelin includes cellulose and synthetic fabric fibers. These wallpapers are just a great option "for painting", and a variety of drawings and textures can please even the most demanding customers. It is worth noting also the fact that due to their density they hide all the defects of the wall. They are very convenient because they are not afraid of temperature changes in the room, and when applied do not form bubbles and wrinkles.
They are best suited for those who have small children or animals at home. This is the golden mean, if you choose between paper and fleece wallpaper. The pluses are that they are inexpensive and can be washed with a soft cloth. By the disadvantages can be attributed to the fact that they do not tolerate high humidity, you need to be extremely careful when washing and another minus is a rather limited selection of drawings.
During manufacture, fabric fibers are applied to the paper substrate, for example linen, silk, felt or velor. Most often they are used for pasting walls in bedrooms or in the hall, they look more aesthetic in these rooms than paper ones. They have only one drawback, it is quite high value.
The youngest kind among the wallpaper, which managed to win a huge popularity. And all thanks to the fact that with their help it is easy to create smooth relief coating without joints. They include natural fibers, cotton, cellulose, textile fibers. They can be diluted with water-based paint, but they are also applied to the wall as plaster. The main thing is that the surface on which they are applied should not have significant defects. This type of wallpaper, in the Russian market is presented in liquid or powder form.
Steklooboi made from a fabric, to which add filaments of fiberglass. These wallpapers are highly resistant, non-flammable, and are a reliable protection of the walls from the appearance of microorganisms in the form of fungus, and they can withstand chemical treatment. What is included in their composition? This is soda, quartz sand, dolomite, lime, a combination of these components and gives them the listed properties. Steklooboi very often used for medical institutions.
Photo Wall Mural
Photo wallpapers - paper sheet with photographic printing applied to it. The wall on which the wallpaper is pasted looks like a picture. But it is necessary to take into account the fact that laminated wallpaper will look especially beautiful, it will protect them as much as possible from abrasion. And the appearance is noticeably improved. Photo wallpapers are best used in those rooms where there is very little furniture, so as not to close the picture.
The most unique kind of wallpaper, which embodied all the natural beauty and which is not very known among buyers. During the manufacture of these wallpapers use only natural materials. The basis of the wallpaper is not bleached paper, the outer layer is different kinds of plants.
They are made by coating the paper substrate with a layer of foil, then a pattern or embossing is applied to the wallpaper surface. For gluing metal wallpaper, dispersion glue is needed, but their main advantage is that they are well cleaned and wear-resistant.
They represent an ecological kind of wallpaper, which is capable of betraying charm to absolutely any room. They are made from cork cork due to hot pressing. Under the influence of heat from the bark begins, a resin is released that glues the material together. In order to make these wallpapers as stable as possible to moisture, they are impregnated with wax.
Environmentally friendly wallpaper, which is very well served by cleaning, and also, if you need to change the shade you can always repaint them. For their production, a layer of ground natural minerals or materials, for example wood fiber, should be applied to the paper or non-woven base. But most often use crushed painted quartz, in honor of which the wallpaper was named. The period of their operation can be 20 years.
Ideal for finishing in rooms not susceptible to contamination, for example in the living room or office. They consist of two layers. The first layer is paper or non-woven base, and the second layer is covered with a decorative velvet layer.